Picture Information

Picture Title:Copper Perspective
Photographer/ Operator/ Designer Name:Crommie, Lutz & Eigler
Institute Name:IBM Almaden Research Center
Institute Site:http://www.almaden.ibm.com/vis/stm/hexagone.html
Description:Reminiscent of formal Japanese rock gardens, here we see ripples surrounding features on the copper (111) surface. The artists' fortunes took a major turn upward when they determined that the ripples were due to "surface state electrons." These electrons are free to roam about the surface but not to penetrate into the solid. When one of these electrons encounters an obstacle like a step edge, it is partially reflected. The ripples extending away from the step edges and the various defects in the crystal surface are just the standing waves that are created whenever a wave scatters off of something. The standing waves are about 15 Angstroms (roughly 10 atomic diameters) from crest to crest. The amplitude is largest adjacent to the step edge where it is about 0.04 Angstroms from crest to trough.
Institute Site:http://www.nanopicoftheday.org/2004Pics/January2004/CuPerspective.htm
Dimensions:324 * 486

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